Statement of Content
The reader learns that reading can fulfill a variety of important purposes for the reader.
1. learns that a purpose for reading might be:
- to gain information about a specific topic or subject, or to acquire broader general knowledge
- to understand and respond to communications related to job, personal business or social activity
- to enjoy the recreational and entertainment value of print material
2. becomes aware of the importance of reading for school success, for success in one’s business and social life, and for satisfaction as a leisure activity.
3. learns to transfer strategies for reading to school and other milieus in which reading for information is important; to apply reading skills and strategies in reading situations encountered in business and social life; and to develop the habit of reading for personal satisfaction.
4. increases the level of attention to and active involvement in reading in order to accomplish a purpose.
The reader learns to recognize and use prior knowledge and experience of language and life in making meaning from print text.
1. learns that he or she has relevant prior experience that will help in predicting and confirming meaning, and:
- links prior personal experience of a subject to what is being read for information
- links prior personal experience of a business or personal interaction to what is being read for business or social reasons
- links prior personal experience in life and language to what is being read for pleasure
2. learns that prior language experience, including known words and recognized language patterns, can assist one in understanding meaning.
The reader learns to approach reading with an awareness that the purpose for which print material is written and produced is reflected in its structure, organization and format.
1. understands that a writer’s purpose in informative or utilitarian text may be to explain, inform, teach or persuade; in text intended to be read for pleasure, the writer’s purpose may be to entertain, describe, illustrate, satirize, inform, persuade or illuminate.
2. learns to recognize structural signals embedded in the language of text.
3. becomes aware that print material is organized and set forth according to the purpose for which it is intended.
4. learns to recognize and cope with the specific characteristics and demands of print materials that are intended to convey information to the reader, intended to facilitate business and social activities, or designed to be read for personal satisfaction.
The reader learns to select and develop reading strategies appropriate to the purpose for which print material is read.
1. learns that numerous reading strategies have already been developed, and that this repertoire of strategies can be enlarged and refined.
2. expands strategies for dealing with words:
- develops strategies for learning unfamiliar words
- learns vocabulary in specialized fields, as necessary
- learns that words in themselves can be a source of pleasure
3. expands strategies for dealing with visual and aural cues to meaning:
- becomes more proficient at reading and interpreting visual accompaniments to print material
- learns to develop visuals (on paper or in his or her mind) to help gain meaning or pleasure from print text
- develops an ability to reproduce oral equivalents to written language in order to gain or convey meaning or to derive pleasure from the rhythm and sound of written language
4. expands strategies for adjusting speed and intensity of reading:
- learns methods of increasing speed and comprehension for the purpose of survey reading, skimming for significant details, or reading for pleasure
- develops close reading strategies for gaining detailed knowledge, complete understanding, or full appreciation of a passage of text
The reader becomes increasingly independent in locating, selecting, reading and evaluating print materials in order to fulfill specific reading purposes.
1. learns to gain access to desired reading material from sources available.
2. learns to evaluate material in terms of reader purpose:
- in reading for information, evaluates material in terms of applicability, completeness and accuracy
- in reading for business and social purposes, evaluates material for accuracy, completeness, applicability, bias
- in reading for pleasure, evaluates material in terms of satisfaction, challenge, sustained interest, enlargement of understanding of life
3. continues to develop self-directed reading patterns by:
- pursuing desired information
- tackling reading tasks associated with business and social life
- widening the range of material read for personal satisfaction and pleasure