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Moving Within, or To Nunavut
Nunavut’s communities are unique, diverse, and remote. They range from busy administrative and transportation centres to small hamlets of less than five hundred people.
Nunavut communities are typically thousands of kilometres apart, without any roads to connect them to each other, or southern Canada. Instead, they are reached via air and sea transportation, with shipping access limited to the short summer season.
Nunavut officially became a territory on April 1, 1999 under the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act. Nunavut is the traditional homeland of the Inuit. Nunavut is the Inuktitut word for “our land.”
Nunavut consists of about three million square kilometres of tundra, ocean, and ice, spanning across three time zones. But its population is only about 36,000 (2016 Census). Of those people, almost 85 per cent are Inuit.
Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, French, and English are the official languages of Nunavut.
Nunavut is made up of three main regions. These are the Kitikmeot (western Nunavut), the Kivalliq (central Nunavut), and the Qikiqtani (eastern Nunavut). Each region has its own Regional School Operations (RSO) office. In addition, there is a francophone school board (Commission scolaire francophone du Nunavut or CSFN) located in Iqaluit.